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IVF is an abbreviation for in vitro fertilization. It is a reproductive procedure in which eggs are taken from a woman's ovaries and fertilized in a laboratory outside of the body with sperm. The procedure consists of multiple phases and is often used to assist couples who are having difficulty spontaneously conceiving a child.
This is the traditional IVF process, which includes ovarian stimulation to produce numerous eggs, egg harvesting, laboratory fertilization, embryo culture, and transfer of one or more embryos to the uterus.
ICSI is a method used when male fertility problems, such as low sperm count or poor sperm motility, exist. To assist fertilization, a single sperm is inserted directly into each developed egg.
Although not precisely an IVF approach, intrauterine insemination (IUI) is sometimes regarded as a less intrusive and simpler reproductive treatment. It entails inserting prepared sperm straight into the woman's uterus around the time of ovulation to increase the chances of conception.
Embryos that were not transferred during a previous IVF cycle are frozen and kept for future use in this procedure. When the woman is ready, the frozen embryos are thawed and put into her uterus.
Instead of transferring embryos to the uterus a few days after fertilization, blastocyst transfer entails cultivating the embryos in the laboratory for five to six days until they reach the blastocyst stage. Because only a limited percentage of embryos develop to this stage, this provides for a better selection of viable embryos.
Erdem Hospital offers high-level service under the most favorable conditions. With an online free consultation, the price is determined after the treatment recommended by our doctors. Our prices are offered in all-inclusive packages. All services mentioned below will be included in the price.
Several procedures and stages are usually conducted before beginning IVF treatment to analyze the individual or couple's reproductive status and design an acceptable treatment plan. The first step is to make an appointment with a fertility doctor or reproductive endocrinologist. During this session, both spouses' medical histories will be discussed, and any concerns or queries will be addressed. The doctor will go over the IVF process, expectations, and the necessary tests and evaluations.
Typically, both couples will be screened for infectious disorders such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Genetic screening tests may be recommended based on the medical history or specific concerns to discover probable genetic abnormalities or carrier status for certain ailments.
IVF therapy necessitates emotional, physical, and monetary considerations. Couples may be urged to attend counseling sessions to explore the potential difficulties and consequences of IVF, including the ethical, legal, and psychological elements. Consent paperwork will also be provided to ensure that the couple is completely aware of the treatment's dangers and advantages.
Mock embryo transfers may be performed in some circumstances to establish the optimum approach for transferring embryos to the uterus and to quantify the depth and angle required for a successful transfer. Based on the findings of these evaluations, the fertility specialist will develop a unique treatment plan tailored to the couple's specific needs and circumstances. Details such as the kind and quantity of ovarian stimulation medicines, the number of IVF cycles advised, and any other treatments or procedures that may be advantageous may be included in the plan.
It is vital to remember that the specific treatments and examinations may differ depending on individual circumstances and the fertility clinic's standards.
After the embryo transfer, the fertilized embryos are left in the laboratory to develop for some time. The exact time is determined by the clinic's procedure; however, it is normally between 3 and 6 days. During this phase, embryologists evaluate the embryos' progress and quality. There is a waiting time after the embryo transfer before the pregnancy may be confirmed. This time usually lasts 10 to 14 days. It can be an emotionally difficult period because couples want to know if the treatment was successful.
A pregnancy test is performed at the end of the waiting period to establish whether the IVF procedure resulted in a successful pregnancy. Typically, the levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in a blood sample are measured. A home pregnancy test is sometimes performed, but a blood test delivers a more accurate result.
If the pregnancy test is positive, the woman will usually be monitored frequently to verify that the pregnancy is progressing normally. Monitoring hormone levels, and ultrasound scans to assess the gestational sac, fetal development, and overall health are all part of this. Throughout the pregnancy, the fertility clinic or reproductive expert will give guidance and assistance, including any required medications or procedures to maximize the chances of a successful pregnancy.
Follow-up visits with the fertility specialist are often conducted after a successful pregnancy or in circumstances where the IVF treatment did not result in a pregnancy. These consultations provide an opportunity to discuss the results, review the treatment plan, resolve any concerns, and, if wanted, explore further choices.
It's crucial to note that the IVF process can be emotionally and physically taxing, and individuals and couples may benefit from additional emotional support or therapy both during and after the procedure. Each person's journey and experience with IVF will be unique, and the advice of a skilled medical specialist is critical throughout the procedure.
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IVF is often recommended for couples or individuals facing infertility due to various factors, such as blocked fallopian tubes, male fertility issues, endometriosis, or unexplained infertility.
The IVF process involves ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization in a lab dish, embryo culture, and embryo transfer. Hormonal medications are used to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs, which are then retrieved and fertilized.
Success rates vary depending on factors like age, underlying causes of infertility, and the quality of embryos. On average, success rates range from 30-50%, with higher success rates for younger patients.
An IVF cycle typically takes around 4-6 weeks, from ovarian stimulation to embryo transfer. It might take longer if additional procedures, such as preimplantation genetic testing, are involved.
Yes, frozen embryos can be thawed and used for IVF in future cycles. This is known as frozen embryo transfer (FET).
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle by eating well, exercising moderately, and avoiding harmful substances can potentially improve IVF success.
The number of embryos transferred depends on factors like the woman's age and the quality of embryos. Transferring a single embryo reduces the risk of multiple pregnancies.
IVF doesn't guarantee pregnancy, but it offers a higher chance compared to some other fertility treatments. Success varies from person to person.
Embryo grading involves assessing the quality of embryos based on their appearance and development stages. Higher-grade embryos are more likely to implant successfully.
Gender selection, also known as sex selection, is possible through IVF with preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). However, it is usually performed for medical reasons.
Patients should consider factors such as success rates, experience of the medical team, available services, location, and reviews when choosing an IVF clinic.